German printmaker and painter Otto Dix was born on 2 December 1891. A volunteer in the First World War, his experience traumatised him and informed much of his later work – including a set of etchings, Der Krieg.
Between the wars he developed a realistic style of painting which was intensely critical of German society. Later the Nazis would regard him as ‘degenerate’, have him sacked from his teaching post, burn his paintings and arrest him on false charges.
He died in 1969.